Chronic Environmental Stress and the Temporal Course of Depression and Panic Disorder: A Trait-State-Occasion Modeling Approach

Title of the article: Chronic Environmental Stress and the Temporal Course of Depression and Panic Disorder: A Trait-State-Occasion Modeling Approach

Journal: Journal of Abnormal Psychology

Introduction: This article is about the ongoing strains and stressful life events that put the negative effects on the mental and physical health of the people. The stressful conditions in long-run become particularly pathogenic. The research has struggled to delimit transient versus chronic experiences of stress. In addition, some stressors have acute negative consequences on the life. Therefore, this is mandatory to eliminate the stress in long term.

Experiment: The experiment has made on the adults who presented for assessment and treatment at the Center for Anxiety and Related Disorders (CARD) at university of Boston. There are about 677 participants in this experiment. The data is collected from the different peoples that belong to different areas and regions. The variables of the experiments includes the social phobia, panic disorder with or without agoraphobia, posttraumatic stress disorder, depressive disorder, dysthymia, specific phobia, obsessive compulsive disorder, major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder.

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to believe that continuously stressful environments have specific and strong impact on the temporal course of emotional disorders. The study and the experiment helps to endure the isolate signal of stressors amid noise of transitory that is life stress and less pathogenic. In addition, the purpose of study is to estimate the degree of stress, evaluate the effects on the individual in order to continuity of stress over time with difference in chronic stress exposure. On the other hand, stress exposure also has effects on the longitudinal course of emotional disorders in a big sample in clinical studies.

Assignment on Chronic Environmental Stress and the Temporal Course of Depression and Panic Disorder: A Trait-State-Occasion Modeling Approach By ABC Dated: Title of the article: Chronic Environmental Stress and the Temporal Course of Depression and Panic Disorder: A Trait-State-Occasion Modeling Approach Journal: Journal of Abnormal Psychology Introduction: This article is about the ongoing strains and stressful life events that put the negative effects on the mental and physical health of the people. The stressful conditions in long-run become particularly pathogenic. The research has struggled to delimit transient versus chronic experiences of stress. In addition, some stressors have acute negative consequences on the life. Therefore, this is mandatory to eliminate the stress in long term. Experiment: The experiment has made on the adults who presented for assessment and treatment at the Center for Anxiety and Related Disorders (CARD) at university of Boston. There are about 677 participants in this experiment. The data is collected from the different peoples that belong to different areas and regions. The variables of the experiments includes the social phobia, panic disorder with or without agoraphobia, posttraumatic stress disorder, depressive disorder, dysthymia, specific phobia, obsessive compulsive disorder, major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. Purpose: The purpose of the study is to believe that continuously stressful environments have specific and strong impact on the temporal course of emotional disorders. The study and the experiment helps to endure the isolate signal of stressors amid noise of transitory that is life stress and less pathogenic. In addition, the purpose of study is to estimate the degree of stress, evaluate the effects on the individual in order to continuity of stress over time with difference in chronic stress exposure. On the other hand, stress exposure also has effects on the longitudinal course of emotional disorders in a big sample in clinical studies. Method: A semi-structured interview and questionnaires provided to the participants for their assessment. The past and current diagnoses were established with Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-IV-Lifetime Version. This is the type of the semi-structured interview in order to ascertain reliable diagnosis of the Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The time of the evaluation and reevaluation is at 12 months along with follow-up of the Lifetime version of ADIS-IV. The versions in the experiments give the dimensional assessment of the key and collaborative features of the disorders. On the other hand, multiple indicators are used for each selected construct along with use of the market variables identical and similar to those. Results: For the testing of the outcomes the measurement invariance of the stress and disorder a longitudinal measurement model is used that is suitable for the variable modeling. The true temporal change in the constructs could be conflicted with change measurement over time. However, results shows that TSO model did not involve any mean structure. The indicators were large at all waves with range= .40-.97 which is statistically significant. The results shows that there is correlation between the factors of the depression, stress and PD/A. Conclusion: The study shows that there are number of the variations in life that causes stress and mental disorders in extreme situations. However, these can be control over the time and proper handling or with the clinical solutions to eliminate the stress and depression. This has been observed that the greater chronic stress exposure forecasted a poorer trajectory of emotional disorder symptoms in an individual. There is need to create the balance between life and the work. The excess of the work and overburden will affects the personal and social life of a person. On the other hand, in case of the excess interventions of social life, the work is disturbed. Therefore, this is mandatory to create the work-life balance. This will also helps to get rid from the stress and depression at work. in addition, integrate trait represents the models of stress. Reference BIBLIOGRAPHY \l 1033 Conway, C. C., Rutter, L. A., & Brown, T. A. (2015). Chronic Environmental Stress and the Temporal Course of Depression and Panic Disorder: A Trait-State-Occasion Modeling Approach. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1-11.

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Category Marketing Research
Paper Type APA
Reference Type dissertation
Words 674

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