Curanderismo: Origins, structure, and evolution

Question 1

 

Concept and practice of sacrifice in Aztec traditions

            Aztec religion had tradition of human sacrifice, which is performed, in large number of religious festivals, which are held as per the Aztec calendar. This is a common religious practice, in which a person is ritually sacrificed to become a divine. The Aztec religion has many gods. The Mixcoatl god is consider as god of war and the tradition of Human sacrifice performed for the god of war. The religion involved large number of monthly festivals where number of ritual used to perform. Human sacrifice was one of them. The purpose was to stabilize the political and cosmic system of the society The Aztec had belief that sacrifice is necessary to continue the life. The creation of life depends on the sacrifice of human beings. According to their belief system, among many gods of Aztecs, the god of sun requires the sacrifice of the Humans to live continually. Humans were sacrificed in various blood sacrifices. Along with Human beings, animals also used to sacrifice in these traditions. Priests were also present during the performing of the ritual and sometime they provide their blood in such rituals (Carrasco, 1990). 

The Aztecs used to believe that apart from the existence of gods, such human sacrifices are also necessary to make the world in existence. These rituals were considered as the deities of life, which has to be performed in order to become successful in life. Gods were also sacrifices with other than Human beings such as flowers, foods, antiques and birds. The scale of sacrifice was depended on the requirement of the god. The large requirement used to require large sacrifice, such as the Human sacrifice for the existence of the god of sun. Priest also used to give their own blood to offer the most important religious rites. They used to cut their own arms, tongue, thighs, chest and genitals or even a Human being. The people who were sacrificed were belongs to diverse segments of the society such as slaves, prisoners or general member of the society including women, children, old or young. Large number of Human beings was sacrificed in the tradition in main religious temples.

Few examples of human sacrifices before various gods can be seen in various forms. For example, captured enemy soldiers were sacrificed to gods. Before dying a victim, when he had been cut, another priest ripped the heart out, while it had been beating at that time, all this was done for good fortune. For making sacrifice, sometimes a victim was thrown into a fire and then his heart was removed.

Question 2

 

Curanderismo: Origins, structure, and evolution

 

            Curanderismo is a form of Latin American healing which is popular in Hispanic-American communities, particularly in the areas of south west of the United States of America. Curanderismo is a healing method, which includes carious techniques. These practices include but not limited to spiritual prayers, rituals for healing, and various kinds of herbal medicines, body massage, psychic healing and practicing spiritualism. It evolved hundreds of years ago. Its evolution came from the culture of Spanish colonization. It is derived from the word “curar”which meaning is to heal. The healing method contains both Catholicism and the traditional medicines of the natives of Latin America (Lara, 2008). The curandero dedicate their lives to heal the people who are suffered with illness related to emotional, mental, physical and spiritual health. They also play the role psychiatrist along with their primary role of healer. The structures of these healing methods have various forms. It deals with herbals, bone muscle therapy to deal physical illness and mid wives (Hendrickson, 2013). Apart from these main categories of healing, sub categories also exist to deal with various illnesses such as tobacco. The US regional health care plans have noted their services and provided insurance benefits and coverage. Various techniques and material is used to cure the illness. Simple herbs, water and even mud is used to cure the illness. Catholic elements are also employed such as holy water, saint pictures and Roman Catholic prayers sessions. Today, this method is mostly used in Latin American countries. It is considering as alternative from of medicine for various illness (Barnes, 2004). The reason behind is its origin in culture. That is why, its popular in Mexican-American communities. Another reason behind its popularity is its connection with spiritualism. Spiritualism is finding missing in contemporary medicines and the people opt to adopt this method to gain benefit of both the traditional medicine and the spiritualism. Eradication of Evil spirit is an example of spiritualism, where the treatment deals with the patient with prayer session and other religious rituals (Espinosa & García, 2009).

Proposal on Curanderismo: Origins, structure, and evolution By ABC Dated: Question 1 Concept and practice of sacrifice in Aztec traditions Aztec religion had tradition of human sacrifice, which is performed, in large number of religious festivals, which are held as per the Aztec calendar. This is a common religious practice, in which a person is ritually sacrificed to become a divine. The Aztec religion has many gods. The Mixcoatl god is consider as god of war and the tradition of Human sacrifice performed for the god of war. The religion involved large number of monthly festivals where number of ritual used to perform. Human sacrifice was one of them. The purpose was to stabilize the political and cosmic system of the society The Aztec had belief that sacrifice is necessary to continue the life. The creation of life depends on the sacrifice of human beings. According to their belief system, among many gods of Aztecs, the god of sun requires the sacrifice of the Humans to live continually. Humans were sacrificed in various blood sacrifices. Along with Human beings, animals also used to sacrifice in these traditions. Priests were also present during the performing of the ritual and sometime they provide their blood in such rituals CITATION Dav90 \l 1033 (Carrasco, 1990). The Aztecs used to believe that apart from the existence of gods, such human sacrifices are also necessary to make the world in existence. These rituals were considered as the deities of life, which has to be performed in order to become successful in life. Gods were also sacrifices with other than Human beings such as flowers, foods, antiques and birds. The scale of sacrifice was depended on the requirement of the god. The large requirement used to require large sacrifice, such as the Human sacrifice for the existence of the god of sun. Priest also used to give their own blood to offer the most important religious rites. They used to cut their own arms, tongue, thighs, chest and genitals or even a Human being. The people who were sacrificed were belongs to diverse segments of the society such as slaves, prisoners or general member of the society including women, children, old or young. Large number of Human beings was sacrificed in the tradition in main religious temples. Few examples of human sacrifices before various gods can be seen in various forms. For example, captured enemy soldiers were sacrificed to gods. Before dying a victim, when he had been cut, another priest ripped the heart out, while it had been beating at that time, all this was done for good fortune. For making sacrifice, sometimes a victim was thrown into a fire and then his heart was removed. Question 2 Curanderismo: Origins, structure, and evolution Curanderismo is a form of Latin American healing which is popular in Hispanic-American communities, particularly in the areas of south west of the United States of America. Curanderismo is a healing method, which includes carious techniques. These practices include but not limited to spiritual prayers, rituals for healing, and various kinds of herbal medicines, body massage, psychic healing and practicing spiritualism. It evolved hundreds of years ago. Its evolution came from the culture of Spanish colonization. It is derived from the word “curar”which meaning is to heal. The healing method contains both Catholicism and the traditional medicines of the natives of Latin America CITATION Lar08 \l 1033 (Lara, 2008). The curandero dedicate their lives to heal the people who are suffered with illness related to emotional, mental, physical and spiritual health. They also play the role psychiatrist along with their primary role of healer. The structures of these healing methods have various forms. It deals with herbals, bone muscle therapy to deal physical illness and mid wives CITATION Hen13 \l 1033 (Hendrickson, 2013). Apart from these main categories of healing, sub categories also exist to deal with various illnesses such as tobacco. The US regional health care plans have noted their services and provided insurance benefits and coverage. Various techniques and material is used to cure the illness. Simple herbs, water and even mud is used to cure the illness. Catholic elements are also employed such as holy water, saint pictures and Roman Catholic prayers sessions. Today, this method is mostly used in Latin American countries. It is considering as alternative from of medicine for various illness CITATION Lin04 \l 1033 (Barnes, 2004). The reason behind is its origin in culture. That is why, its popular in Mexican-American communities. Another reason behind its popularity is its connection with spiritualism. Spiritualism is finding missing in contemporary medicines and the people opt to adopt this method to gain benefit of both the traditional medicine and the spiritualism. Eradication of Evil spirit is an example of spiritualism, where the treatment deals with the patient with prayer session and other religious rituals CITATION Gas09 \l 1033 (Espinosa & García, 2009).References BIBLIOGRAPHY \l 1033 Barnes, L. L. (2004). Religion and Healing in America. Oxford: Oxford university press. Carrasco, D. (1990). Religions of Mesoamerica: Cosmovision and Ceremonial Centers. San Francisco: Harper and Row Publisher. Espinosa, G., & García, M. T. (2009). Mexican American Religions: Spirituality, Activism, and Culture. Durham: Duke University Press Books. Hendrickson, B. (2013). New Contexts forCuranderismo:. Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 81(3), 620–643. Lara, I. (2008). Latina Health Activist-Healers. Women & Therapy, 31(1), 21-40.

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