Employability and Career Success: Bridging the Gap between Theory and Reality

Summary

This article discusses the issues related to employability and career success and how the inevitable automation of employment processes, the emergence of huge competition based on costs, phenomenon of outsourcing and ever-increasing magnitude service industry has transformed the employability forever. The extra-ordinary competition, changing economic landscapes, and requirements at the specific jobs have resulted in employers being more selective and follow strict criteria to recruit work force, which has resulted in difficulty in the process of finding the right job. The writer discusses the current epidemic of unemployment and factors contributing in increasing it, and the role of psychologists to enhance the employability, with the unique skills embedded in their profession. The study explains the past efforts of psychologists, their failure to convince employers to change approach to recruitment. In this paper, Hogen,et al. have further explored the relationship between careers success and employability’s by  presenting in the model which points out the psychological determinants of employability. Finally, it is observed that abilities and skills of physiologists have unique implications for recruitment, selection, and training and for entire employee cycle, but they are found victim to technical expert trap, which has resulted in widening the gap between theory and reality.

Hypothesis

The possible hypotheses observed are; the correlation between the Business Education and pay and promotion, more homogeneous high study ensures the high skilled and competiveness, and the IQ and Personality predicts the educational performance

Data Source and Method of Collection

The source of data is secondary data, and is collected from different sources. This includes the research papers, case studies and other reliable sources. Journal articles are also use to collect the data in order to complete the paper. This paper is not a primary research. All the data used in this paper is secondary source data. Moreover, this empirical research represents the main psychological contribution on the study of the employability.

Variables, Independent and Dependant

Both types of variables dependant and independent are used in the review paper. These include the education, skills, working conditions, promotions, incentives, salaries, motivation, degree with high GPA, cognitive ability, interpersonal skills, performance evaluation, on the job behavior, social effectiveness, willing of the employee, working capacity, ethics and emotional intelligence.

Method of Analysis

The method of analysis use is the Critique.  Moreover, the data has observed or analyzed through narrative method. These two methods were used to find the factors, which are helpful to motivate the employees. Moreover, there were some variables like education and interpersonal skills having direct affect on the employment.

Major Findings

Hogen,et al. pointed out some major findings, which deal with the psychological determinants of career success and employability. They argued that the views of employers and psychologists differ on interpersonal and social skills.  The articles points out that hiring manager should not be the performance evaluator, since both falls under different domains.  Jobs are now becoming less structured and the hiring process predicts the compensation level for people, and promotions are based on based on similar characteristics of the employee, which meant that pay structure is based on the cognitive abilities, skills and interpersonal abilities. Study found the consistent correlation between the cognitive ability and job performance. In addition, employers favor employees who learn quickly and show good judgment. Hogen,et al. also argued that, the perception of employee about job and actual condition so the jobs are creates bridge between employer and employee. Moreover, this psychological gap is a reason for increase in the unemployment.

Assignment on Employability and Career Success: Bridging the Gap between Theory and Reality By ABC Dated: Summary This article discusses the issues related to employability and career success and how the inevitable automation of employment processes, the emergence of huge competition based on costs, phenomenon of outsourcing and ever-increasing magnitude service industry has transformed the employability forever. The extra-ordinary competition, changing economic landscapes, and requirements at the specific jobs have resulted in employers being more selective and follow strict criteria to recruit work force, which has resulted in difficulty in the process of finding the right job. The writer discusses the current epidemic of unemployment and factors contributing in increasing it, and the role of psychologists to enhance the employability, with the unique skills embedded in their profession. The study explains the past efforts of psychologists, their failure to convince employers to change approach to recruitment. In this paper, Hogen,et al. have further explored the relationship between careers success and employability’s by presenting in the model which points out the psychological determinants of employability. Finally, it is observed that abilities and skills of physiologists have unique implications for recruitment, selection, and training and for entire employee cycle, but they are found victim to technical expert trap, which has resulted in widening the gap between theory and reality. Hypothesis The possible hypotheses observed are; the correlation between the Business Education and pay and promotion, more homogeneous high study ensures the high skilled and competiveness, and the IQ and Personality predicts the educational performance Data Source and Method of Collection The source of data is secondary data, and is collected from different sources. This includes the research papers, case studies and other reliable sources. Journal articles are also use to collect the data in order to complete the paper. This paper is not a primary research. All the data used in this paper is secondary source data. Moreover, this empirical research represents the main psychological contribution on the study of the employability. Variables, Independent and Dependant Both types of variables dependant and independent are used in the review paper. These include the education, skills, working conditions, promotions, incentives, salaries, motivation, degree with high GPA, cognitive ability, interpersonal skills, performance evaluation, on the job behavior, social effectiveness, willing of the employee, working capacity, ethics and emotional intelligence. Method of Analysis The method of analysis use is the Critique. Moreover, the data has observed or analyzed through narrative method. These two methods were used to find the factors, which are helpful to motivate the employees. Moreover, there were some variables like education and interpersonal skills having direct affect on the employment. Major Findings Hogen,et al. pointed out some major findings, which deal with the psychological determinants of career success and employability. They argued that the views of employers and psychologists differ on interpersonal and social skills. The articles points out that hiring manager should not be the performance evaluator, since both falls under different domains. Jobs are now becoming less structured and the hiring process predicts the compensation level for people, and promotions are based on based on similar characteristics of the employee, which meant that pay structure is based on the cognitive abilities, skills and interpersonal abilities. Study found the consistent correlation between the cognitive ability and job performance. In addition, employers favor employees who learn quickly and show good judgment. Hogen,et al. also argued that, the perception of employee about job and actual condition so the jobs are creates bridge between employer and employee. Moreover, this psychological gap is a reason for increase in the unemployment. Conclusion To conclude, it could be argued that employer and employees equally participate in the success of organization. In order to eliminate the gap between the perceived and actual performance, the needs and requirements of the employees must be considered seriously. However, critical review finds out that selection criteria and procedures could be enhanced if, recruitment is based on cognitive ability. In addition, it is observed that the RAW model is inherently compensatory, if employee ticks all three boxes, career success could be achieved. Finally, since the gap exists between employer needs and psychological technical expertise, which is a result in failure to address the underlying issues of employment cycle and career success. It results in widening the gap between the theory, and reality, though it needs to be filled to achieve desired employment. Reference BIBLIOGRAPHY \l 1033 HOGAN, R., CHAMORRO-PREMUZIC, T., & KAISER, R. B. (2013). Employability and Career Success: Bridging the G ap Between Theory and Reality. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 6(1), 3-16.

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Paper's Detail

Category Business-to-Business Marketing
Paper Type APA
Reference Type Assignment
Words 756

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