Introduction to Sociology – SOCI 1301

EXAM I (ch. 1-2) – FALL 2015

Introduction to Sociology – SOCI 1301

Questions#1: Which of these examples best describes the butterfly effect?

Answer (c) Rose Parks’ actions sparking the Civil Rights Movement

Questions#2: Which of the following characterize “information warfare”

Answer (d) All of the Above

Questions#3: Sociologists are concerned with how social networking sites have diminished the overall level of communication in society

Answer: (b) False

Questions#4: Which classic sociologist agreed with Auguste Comte’s belief that science and reform should go together

Answer: (d)     All of Above

Questions#5: Which is an example of sousveillance?

Answer: (e) All of the Above

Questions#6: ) High levels of card debt can be characterized as both a public and private issue

Answer: (a) True

Questions#7: Which field contributes to the understanding of globalization by studying how individual identities are shaped by globalization?

Answer: (b) Psychology

Questions#8 : Starting in the 1950’s, the central feature of many capitalist countries shifted from production to

Answer: (a)  Consumption

Questions#9: Ritzer’s interest in McDonaldization has led to three signature concerns:

Answer: (b) Globalization, Consumption and the Digital World

Questions#10: In the U.S., the average teen spends 7.5 hours per day using electronic devices

Answer: (a) True

Questions#11: According to Eric Schlosser (2002), which of the following are changes that can address the issues with the problems associated with fast food and the fast food industry?

Answer: (a) Educating the public about the health problems associated with a fast food diet

Questions#12: A study of over 5000 Americans found that people believe the top fifth of the population in the U.S. possesses 59% of the nation’s wealth. In reality, the top fifth holds about what percentage of the U.S.’s wealth

Answer: (b) 84%

Questions#13: Social processes can change more rapidly than social structures

Answer: (a) True

Questions#14: Over the last three decades, the U.S. has played the largest role in changing the global and political landscape

Answer: (b) False

Questions#15: All of the following are examples of deviant globalization except

Answer: (d) Spread of HIV/AIDS

Matching

Questions#16: Consumption

Answer: (c) A highly complex process by which people obtain and utilize goods and services

Questions#17: Public sociology

Answer: (ae) The range of audiences outside the academy; local, national and global groups that sociologists write for so they can become involved for social change

Questions#18: McDonaldization

Answer: (ac) A process by which the principles of the fast food restaurant are coming to dominate more and more sectors of society

Questions#19 Micro

Answer: (ad) Small scale; used to describe social phenomenon such as individuals and their thoughts, attitudes and actions

Questions#20 Macro

Answer: (ab) Large scale; used to describe social phenomena such as groups, organizations, cultures, society, and the international community

Questions#21: Agency

Answer: (a) Individual social power and capacity for creativity and change

Questions#22: Globalization

Answer: (e) The social process of increasingly fluid global flows and the structures that expedite and impede those flow

Questions#23: Dangerous Giant

Answer: (d) An individual who has agency, or the potential to disrupt and destroy the structures in which one finds him/herself

Questions#24: Butterfly Effect

Answer: (b) The far ranging global impact of a small change in a specific location
over time and distance

Questions# 25: Social construction of reality is the continuous process of individual creation of structural realities and the constraint and coercion exercised by those structures

Answer: (a) True

Questions#26: Racism is a social construction       

Answer: (a) True

Questions#27: Social processes are static and unchanging aspects of the social world

Answer: (a) True

Questions#28: An example of a social process is a person ordering food via the drive through at a fast food restaurant

Answer: (b) False

Questions#29: Social structure is a temporary and novel social arrangement based on patterns of interaction and social relationships

Answer: (b) False

Questions# (30) An example of social structure is a child playing at the park

Answer: (b) False

Questions#31: A relatively large population that lives in a given territory, has a social structure, and shares the complex pattern of social relationships that are bounded in space and persist over time in a society.

Answer: (a) True

Questions#32: An example of a society is a makeshift camp of refugees.

Answer: (b) False

Questions#33: Sociological imagination is the ability to connect one’s individual experiences with individual gifts, talents and hard work.

Answer: (b) False

Questions#34: An example of sociological imagination is a person who experiences a salary raise because his hard work and competence on a project earned his company higher profits for the period.

Answer: (a) True

Questions#35: Sociology is

Answer: (c) The scientific and systematic study of society, and individual and group behaviour.

Exam For Introduction to Sociology – SOCI 1301 Submitted by Dated EXAM I (ch. 1-2) – FALL 2015 Introduction to Sociology – SOCI 1301 Questions#1: Which of these examples best describes the butterfly effect? Answer (c) Rose Parks’ actions sparking the Civil Rights Movement Questions#2: Which of the following characterize “information warfare” Answer (d) All of the Above Questions#3: Sociologists are concerned with how social networking sites have diminished the overall level of communication in society Answer: (b) False Questions#4: Which classic sociologist agreed with Auguste Comte’s belief that science and reform should go together Answer: (d)All of Above Questions#5: Which is an example of sousveillance? Answer: (e) All of the Above Questions#6: ) High levels of card debt can be characterized as both a public and private issue Answer: (a) True Questions#7: Which field contributes to the understanding of globalization by studying how individual identities are shaped by globalization? Answer: (b) Psychology Questions#8 : Starting in the 1950’s, the central feature of many capitalist countries shifted from production to Answer: (a) Consumption Questions#9: Ritzer’s interest in McDonaldization has led to three signature concerns: Answer: (b) Globalization, Consumption and the Digital World Questions#10: In the U.S., the average teen spends 7.5 hours per day using electronic devices Answer: (a) True Questions#11: According to Eric Schlosser (2002), which of the following are changes that can address the issues with the problems associated with fast food and the fast food industry? Answer: (a) Educating the public about the health problems associated with a fast food diet Questions#12: A study of over 5000 Americans found that people believe the top fifth of the population in the U.S. possesses 59% of the nation’s wealth. In reality, the top fifth holds about what percentage of the U.S.’s wealth Answer: (b) 84% Questions#13: Social processes can change more rapidly than social structures Answer: (a) True Questions#14: Over the last three decades, the U.S. has played the largest role in changing the global and political landscape Answer: (b) False Questions#15: All of the following are examples of deviant globalization except Answer: (d) Spread of HIV/AIDS Matching Questions#16: Consumption Answer: (c) A highly complex process by which people obtain and utilize goods and services Questions#17: Public sociology Answer: (ae) The range of audiences outside the academy; local, national and global groups that sociologists write for so they can become involved for social change Questions#18: McDonaldization Answer: (ac) A process by which the principles of the fast food restaurant are coming to dominate more and more sectors of society Questions#19 Micro Answer: (ad) Small scale; used to describe social phenomenon such as individuals and their thoughts, attitudes and actions Questions#20 Macro Answer: (ab) Large scale; used to describe social phenomena such as groups, organizations, cultures, society, and the international community Questions#21: Agency Answer: (a) Individual social power and capacity for creativity and change Questions#22: Globalization Answer: (e) The social process of increasingly fluid global flows and the structures that expedite and impede those flow Questions#23: Dangerous Giant Answer: (d) An individual who has agency, or the potential to disrupt and destroy the structures in which one finds him/herself Questions#24: Butterfly Effect Answer: (b) The far ranging global impact of a small change in a specific locationover time and distance Questions# 25: Social construction of reality is the continuous process of individual creation of structural realities and the constraint and coercion exercised by those structures Answer: (a) True Questions#26: Racism is a social construction Answer: (a) True Questions#27: Social processes are static and unchanging aspects of the social world Answer: (a) True Questions#28: An example of a social process is a person ordering food via the drive through at a fast food restaurant Answer: (b) False Questions#29: Social structure is a temporary and novel social arrangement based on patterns of interaction and social relationships Answer: (b) False Questions# (30) An example of social structure is a child playing at the park Answer: (b) False Questions#31: A relatively large population that lives in a given territory, has a social structure, and shares the complex pattern of social relationships that are bounded in space and persist over time in a society. Answer: (a) True Questions#32: An example of a society is a makeshift camp of refugees. Answer: (b) False Questions#33: Sociological imagination is the ability to connect one’s individual experiences with individual gifts, talents and hard work. Answer: (b) False Questions#34: An example of sociological imagination is a person who experiences a salary raise because his hard work and competence on a project earned his company higher profits for the period. Answer: (a) True Questions#35: Sociology is Answer: (c) The scientific and systematic study of society, and individual and group behaviour. Questions#36: Thinking of society as a human body in which each part (organs and systems) of the human body contributes to its survival is a reflection of which theoretical perspective: Answer: (a) Functionalist Questions#37: While the findings of sociologists may at times seem like common sense, they differ from common sense because they rest on Answer: (e) Systematic analysis of facts using the scientific method Questions#38: Examples of social institutions are Answer: (e) All of the Above Questions#39: Which of the following focuses its analyses on face to face encounters and interactions? Answer: (b) Cultural Sociology Questions#40: Emile Durkheim is best known for his studies on Answer: (d) Groups Questions#41: One way sociology is different from psychology is Answer: (e) A,B and D Choose the correct letter for the social institution’s primary role/function in society Questions#42: Religion Answer (c) socializing members into same culture Questions#43: Education Answer: (d) Providing meaning to our lives Questions#44: Government Answer: Replacing the population and maintaining health Questions#45: Economy Answer (c) Distribution of goods and services Questions#46: Family Answer: (b) Maintaining social Order Questions#47: Sociologists mostly focus on Answer: (e) a, b and c Questions#48: Conflict theory (is) Answer: (d) A paradigm that sees social conflict as the basis of society and social change, and criticizes the status-quo. Questions#49: The micro perspective of sociology assumes that society’s smaller structures are shaped through individual interactions. Answer: (b) False Questions#50: The macro perspective of sociology assumes that society’s larger structures shape those individual interactions Answer: (a) True MATCHING: Theories/perspectives Question# 51: Structural functionalism Answer: (b) Society is perceived as a unified and functional place because of the contributions of its parts. This perspective and paradigm focuses on solidarity and stability. Question#52: Conflict theory Answer: (a) Society is perceived as a place of struggle and inequality. This is the basis of social change. This perspective/paradigm takes a critical view of the status quo Question#53: Symbolic interactionism Answer: (c) Society is perceived as a place filled with meanings that are created and negotiated in interactions with others. This perspective and paradigm focuses on symbols and interpretation Question#54: Macrosociology is the level of analysis that studies face to face and small group interactions in order to understand how they affect the larger patterns and organizations of society. Answer: (b) FALSE Question#55: Macrosociology approaches the study of sociology by looking at small-scale social structures in order to determine how they impact the lives of groups and individuals. Answer: (b) FALSE Question#56: Microsociology would study the conversational patterns between married heterosexual couples and translate these interactions to the power that men and women wield in larger institutional processes and systems Answer: (a) TRUE Question#57: Macrosociology would study patterns of sex segregation in industries such as nursing or welding and see how this separation of genders in certain occupations/professions affects the abilities of women and men to experience success and failure in their everyday lives. Answer: (b) FALSE Question#58: In the study of a major airport, macrosociology would focus on the American Airlines ticket counter transactions and microsociology would focus on the patterns and processes of the whole airport or many airports such as arrival and departures, the food courts, the shops and all the passengers waiting around in the terminals Answer: (b) FALSE Question#59: Cultural norms that promote a lifestyle beyond people’s financial means or a change in the economy that requires more Americans to rely on credit cards because their wages have not kept up with inflation. This example describes Answer: (b) Social institutions Question#60: Before sociology, society’s patterns, systems and human behaviors were explained by: Answer: (e) All of the above Question#61: To observe to better understand a phenomenon, from their perspective (not from our own) why someone might be a close talker (speak close to your space or face or body) or why a society does not eat meat is called: Answer: (c) Verstehen Question#62: One of the main social forces leading to suicide is Answer: (c) Individual detachment from groups and organizations Question#63: As defined by C Wright Mills, which of the following enables us to grasp history and biography and the relations between the two within society? Answer: (c) Sociological imagination Question#64: A woman considers herself a failure because her marriage ends in divorce even after she and her ex-husband attempted counseling, changing their friendships, and having more fun and creating more alone time without the children; however nothing worked. She begins to talk to others and realizes that others in her social network are also having marital problems and are seriously contemplating divorce. Later she reads in the newspaper that one in two marriages will end in divorce. Realizing that millions married couples in her situations are experiencing the same problems in her society is an example of: Answer: (c) Social conflict Question#65: A symbolic interactionism analysis of education might focus on Answer: (b) The functions that education provides to society Question#66: Which of the following is true concerning the relationship between sociology and other social sciences? Answer: (e) All of the above Question#67: Sociology is defined as the Answer: (d) Study of human society and social behavior. Question#68: Which of the following researchers is using a sociological imagination? Answer: (e) all of the above Question#69: Social research aimed to influence public policy or social change within society is referred to as: Answer: (d) Public sociology or applied research Question#70: sociology will mostly demonstrate how? Answer: (d) A and D only Question#71: Sociological imagination says our decisions about attending college, our college majors and/or career paths were most likely influenced by: Answer: (d) A and C only Question#72: The concept that your attitude of yourself is largely based on what and how others perceive you in society and shows the importance of membership to groups and the importance of group interactions is: Answer: (d) Social identity and theory Question#73: An example of agency is: Answer: (e) All of the above Question#74: An example of the butterfly effect is someone lights a flame in a forest in California that then burns millions of acres of trees that cannot be exported in the form of lumber to China to help build homes for thousands of families which renders an entire community without shelter. Answer: (a) TRUE Question#75: Beliefs like “it is wrong” to kill people” and “wash your hands after using the restroom” are examples of Answer: (a) Collective conscience Question#76: According to Karl Marx, which group suffered from false consciousness? Answer: (b) Proletariat Question#77: Serving food through the drive through window in under one minute is an example of which of the rationalized operations of McDonaldization Answer: (a) Efficiency Question#78: WEB Dubois’ theory of double consciousness refers to: Answer: (b) Black Americans navigating a white dominated society Question#79: Who coined the term “sociology” Answer: (d) Auguste Comte Question#80: Emile Durkheim found that suicide rates were related to social, rather than psychological factors. Answer: (a) TRUE

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