Law Questions and Answers

1-Lance has a contract with Smith to resurface a driveway at Smith's residence. Lance by mistake stops at the residence of Jones and resurfaces Jones" driveway. Jones lives next door to Smith and knows that Lance is at the wrong residence, Jones, however, says nothing and watches while Lance resurfaces at driveway.

Is Jones under any contractual obligation to pay Lance for resurfacing his driveway?

Explain the legal rationales for your answer.

ANS: Jones is not in any contract with Lance therefore, he is not liable to pay under any contractual obligation. There is no agreement between Lance and Jones because mutual consent is required in contract. Lance never offered services to Jones and Jones never rejected or accepted ant type of offer from Lance. Therefore, Jones will not pay anything.

On the other hand, this is the negligence of Lance. Therefore, he is not in the position to demand anything from Jones. However, Jones knew the real situation but he do not try to stop the Lance. He was not performing his Duty of Inform. Here is the mistake of Jones. However, according to the question the exact judgment is about contractual obligation. In addition, the whole mistake of in this case is of Lance not the other two parties. Moreover, he must have to confirm the place before starting of the task.

2-Jim, Brad and Phil are attending a concert when they notice that Roger has just entered a porta potty.They all rush over to the porta potty and begin to rock it yelling, "We are going to tip it over". They rocked it so hard that the porta potty tipped over and trapped Roger inside. Jim, Brad, and Phil run away laughing. Some witnesses help lift the porta potty so Roger can get out.

What intentional torts have Jim, Bread, and Phil committed?

ANS:  In this case, the possible intentional torts committed by Jim, Bread and Phil were the intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress, Invasion to Privacy and Assault. These three are rocking the porta potty that there is possibility of physical injury to Roger. This is also the case of invasion of privacy. porta potty is a private place to use.  Jim, Bread and Phil tipped over porta potty and make damages to the property. Roger is inside it this means they were making the fun of roger. Rocking porta potty makes Roger frightened and caused sever emotional distress. He was frightened because he did not know persons who were creating all this mess. Moreover, he locked down in porta potty that cause some emotional injury or mental distress to Roger. All these things are the intentional torts committed by Jim, Bread and Phil.

3- Suppose that the height and shoe size of each KSU student was collected. Let (i) be the height and (y) be the shoe size. Describe in words what it would mean for the correlation between (i) and(y) to be negative.

There are two variables shoe size and height has positive linear but they also have negative correlation. However, this is also support by the Pearson’s correlation coefficient. The height is not affect by the size then rotation shows that size is not affect or linked with the height. In addition, the null hypothesis is support and shows there is no relationship between these two variables. The height and shoe size investigated to determine whether there is positive and negative correlation. Under the normal circumstances, height not determine by shoe size. In addition, the age of the elements affects the size of shoe.

4- People who use artificial sweeteners in place of sugar tend to be heavier than people who use sugar. Does this mean that artificial sweeteners cause weight gain? If not, give a more plausible explanation for this association.

The commonly used artificial sweeteners include saccharin, aspartame and sucralose appears to disturb the ability of the body to count the calories and results in weight reduction. These ingredients of sugar free drinks like in diet soft drinks, jellies, chewing gums, etc. These substitutes of sugar consider as natural ingredients but they are synthetically make which might be derived from natural substances like herbs or sugar. These artificial sweeteners sometime called the intense sweeteners, as they are sweeter than a sugar normally.  The major aspect of artificial sweeteners is that they are healthy in tooth decaying process. In addition, they are also helpful in weight reduction by a human body, as they contain no calories. In comparison, sugar contains more calories than sweeteners. The cause of such weight gain by the human body is not yet explained that why this happens but it occurs in some ways.

5- Suppose I want to determine the mean height of the means basketball team.

  1. Identify the population and sample.

The sport, basketball is played by a team having the five standard players in a rectangular court. There objective is to shoot the ball in a hoop of 18 inches (46cm) and 10 feet (3.048m) high backboard so the mean high of the player should be above 6 feet. The sample is taken from average height of more than six feet.

 

Assignment on Law Questions and Answers By ABC Date: 1-Lance has a contract with Smith to resurface a driveway at Smith's residence. Lance by mistake stops at the residence of Jones and resurfaces Jones" driveway. Jones lives next door to Smith and knows that Lance is at the wrong residence, Jones, however, says nothing and watches while Lance resurfaces at driveway. Is Jones under any contractual obligation to pay Lance for resurfacing his driveway? Explain the legal rationales for your answer. ANS: Jones is not in any contract with Lance therefore, he is not liable to pay under any contractual obligation. There is no agreement between Lance and Jones because mutual consent is required in contract. Lance never offered services to Jones and Jones never rejected or accepted ant type of offer from Lance. Therefore, Jones will not pay anything. On the other hand, this is the negligence of Lance. Therefore, he is not in the position to demand anything from Jones. However, Jones knew the real situation but he do not try to stop the Lance. He was not performing his Duty of Inform. Here is the mistake of Jones. However, according to the question the exact judgment is about contractual obligation. In addition, the whole mistake of in this case is of Lance not the other two parties. Moreover, he must have to confirm the place before starting of the task. 2-Jim, Brad and Phil are attending a concert when they notice that Roger has just entered a porta potty.They all rush over to the porta potty and begin to rock it yelling, "We are going to tip it over". They rocked it so hard that the porta potty tipped over and trapped Roger inside. Jim, Brad, and Phil run away laughing. Some witnesses help lift the porta potty so Roger can get out. What intentional torts have Jim, Bread, and Phil committed? ANS: In this case, the possible intentional torts committed by Jim, Bread and Phil were the intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress, Invasion to Privacy and Assault. These three are rocking the porta potty that there is possibility of physical injury to Roger. This is also the case of invasion of privacy. porta potty is a private place to use. Jim, Bread and Phil tipped over porta potty and make damages to the property. Roger is inside it this means they were making the fun of roger. Rocking porta potty makes Roger frightened and caused sever emotional distress. He was frightened because he did not know persons who were creating all this mess. Moreover, he locked down in porta potty that cause some emotional injury or mental distress to Roger. All these things are the intentional torts committed by Jim, Bread and Phil. 3- Suppose that the height and shoe size of each KSU student was collected. Let (i) be the height and (y) be the shoe size. Describe in words what it would mean for the correlation between (i) and(y) to be negative. There are two variables shoe size and height has positive linear but they also have negative correlation. However, this is also support by the Pearson’s correlation coefficient. The height is not affect by the size then rotation shows that size is not affect or linked with the height. In addition, the null hypothesis is support and shows there is no relationship between these two variables. The height and shoe size investigated to determine whether there is positive and negative correlation. Under the normal circumstances, height not determine by shoe size. In addition, the age of the elements affects the size of shoe. 4- People who use artificial sweeteners in place of sugar tend to be heavier than people who use sugar. Does this mean that artificial sweeteners cause weight gain? If not, give a more plausible explanation for this association. The commonly used artificial sweeteners include saccharin, aspartame and sucralose appears to disturb the ability of the body to count the calories and results in weight reduction. These ingredients of sugar free drinks like in diet soft drinks, jellies, chewing gums, etc. These substitutes of sugar consider as natural ingredients but they are synthetically make which might be derived from natural substances like herbs or sugar. These artificial sweeteners sometime called the intense sweeteners, as they are sweeter than a sugar normally. The major aspect of artificial sweeteners is that they are healthy in tooth decaying process. In addition, they are also helpful in weight reduction by a human body, as they contain no calories. In comparison, sugar contains more calories than sweeteners. The cause of such weight gain by the human body is not yet explained that why this happens but it occurs in some ways. 5- Suppose I want to determine the mean height of the means basketball team. Identify the population and sample. The sport, basketball is played by a team having the five standard players in a rectangular court. There objective is to shoot the ball in a hoop of 18 inches (46cm) and 10 feet (3.048m) high backboard so the mean high of the player should be above 6 feet. The sample is taken from average height of more than six feet. Discuss any source of bias. How might one obtain a more unbiased sample? The sampling bias source is a sampling tactics in, which all of the members of the team would select. When we select more numbers of members than the other than the sampling would be called biased and when the samples are taken randomly as to what comes next than such type of sampling is called to be biased sampling. One could take the sample biased by using the random sample collection. 6- A physicians’ Health Study followed 22,000 male physicians for a period of several years. About 11,000 took an aspirin every second day while the rest took a placebo. At the completion of the study, it was noted whether a subject had experienced a heart attack during the period of the study. a-Identify the factor(s) in this experiment. The main factors will be the intake of aspirin on daily basis by all the members of the study. The intake of aspirin will affect the health issues and it will reduce the heart attack ratios as compared to rest of members who have not taken aspirin daily. The placebo is another tablet, which cures diseases related to pain but have more side effects than aspirin. Therefore, the main factor of this experiment will be dealt like ways the aspirin do have the side effects but they have more side effects than placebo. b-Identify the response variable in this experiment. The response in this experiment is that the people who continuously take Aspirin after a day would be having better health situation as compared to those who are taking placebo. Thus, they will enjoy good health and conditions. The members who are using placebo will have more serious health issues than those who intake aspirin.

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